Die aus Italien geretteten Veteranen (im Wesentlichen libysche Speerkämpfer und Bruttier sowie Gallier) bildeten die letzte Reihe und sollten die eigentliche Entscheidung herbeiführen, nachdem die ersten beiden Reihen die römischen Legionäre in Unordnung und zur Erschöpfung gebracht haben sollten. Hannibal began the fighting by sending in his war elephants and skirmishers in a bid to disrupt the tight Roman formations. The indemnity Rome set as payment from Carthage was 10,000 silver talents, more than three times the size of the indemnity demanded at the conclusion of the First Punic War. First, the elephants were not well trained. Also kehrten die Heerführer zu ihren Truppen zurück, um die Waffen sprechen zu lassen. Der Karthager Hannibal kämpfte gegen die V. und VI. Hannibal led an army composed of mercenaries, local citizens and veterans from his Italian campaigns, and Scipio led the already present Roman army of legionaries, along with a body of Numidian cavalry. Zwar brachen seine erste und zweite Schlachtreihe, doch dies war so vorgesehen und nun sollten die frischen, karthagischen Veteranen der dritten Reihe die ermüdeten Römer besiegen. Daraufhin versuchten die fliehenden Truppen der zweiten Reihe, zwischen den beiden Heeren zur Seite hin zu entkommen, und die, die es schafften, sammelten sich an den Flanken der Veteranenschlachtreihe. Legion des römischen Feldherren Cornelius Scipio, als sie bei Zama aufeinandertrafen. Scipio ging darauf nicht ein, zumal er entschlossen war, Karthago für den Bruch des Waffenstillstands zu bestrafen. Die Bestimmung, dass er alle Gebiete zurückerhalten sollte, die einst ihm oder seinen Vorfahren gehört hatten, führte dazu, dass er in den kommenden Jahren gegenüber Karthago immer weitergehende Gebietsansprüche erhob. Because Hannibal could not transport the majority of his horses from Italy, he was forced to slaughter them to keep them from falling into Roman hands. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Romans would have been more than happy, they would have been ecstatic. Hier empfing er eine Gesandtschaft, die auf den Rat Hannibals ausgeschickt worden war und um Frieden bat. Second—and perhaps even more vital to the outcome—Scipio had arranged his forces in maniples (small, flexible infantry units) with broad alleys between them. According to Livy, Hannibal told Scipio, “What I was years ago at Trasimene and Cannae, you are today.” Scipio is said to have replied with a message for Carthage: “Prepare to fight because evidently you have found peace intolerable.” The next day was set for battle. Datum : 3. Roman right wing charges and routs the Carthaginian cavalry, followed by the Roman left wing routing the Carthaginian right wing. That caused the elephants to run unimpeded through the lines with little, if any, engagement. However, by that time the legionnaires had become nearly exhausted—and they had yet to close with the third line, which consisted of Hannibal’s veterans from his Italian campaign (i.e., his best troops). So kam es zu der Schlacht von Zama. Remaining elephants are lured through the lanes and killed. Some of Scipio’s Roman forces were reinvigorated veterans from Cannae who sought redemption from that disgraceful defeat. Im Zentrum stellte er seine Kriegselefanten auf. Profile of Hannibal, including a discussion of the Battle of Zama. Ihm stand etwa die doppelte Anzahl Kavallerie wie Hannibal zur Verfügung. For the first time in decades, Hannibal was without a military command, and never again did he lead Carthaginians into battle. The battle took place at a site identified by the Roman historian Livy as Naraggara (now Sāqiyat Sīdī Yūsuf, Tunisia). Legion des römischen Feldherren Cornelius Scipio, als sie bei Zama aufeinandertrafen. The Romans crushed the soldiers of the first line and then those of the second. Dieser ging nicht darauf ein, ließ die Karthager jedoch – völlig unüblich – sich frei im römischen Lager bewegen. The Battle of Zama, fought around October 19, 202 BC, marked the end of the Second Punic War. Scipio kehrte in sein Lager bei Utica zurück und marschierte dann weiter nach Tunis. https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schlacht_von_Zama&oldid=203792858, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Beschreibung Description Battle of Zama, 202 BC Author/Source The Department of History, United States Military Academy Permission In the public domain as original works of the United States federal government and/or military File:Battle of Zama, 202 BC.svg ist eine vektorisierte Version dieses Bildes. Having anticipated this, Scipio calmly ordered his men to part ranks in order to create channels for the beasts to run through harmlessly. Arista romano, battaglia di zama, 1570-1600 ca 02.JPG 2,816 × 2,112; 2.75 MB. Die neuen Friedensbestimmungen waren erheblich härter als die aus dem Jahre 203 v. Chr. Battle of Zama, victory (202 BCE) of the Romans led by Scipio Africanus the Elder over the Carthaginians commanded by Hannibal. Pivotal battle in the Second Punic War between Rome and Carthage, fought in 207 BC near the Metauro River in Italy. On 19 October, 202 B.C., the two armies met on the plain of Zama. Once his allies had arrived, Scipio had about the same number of troops as Hannibal (around 40,000 men), but his 6,100 cavalrymen, led by the Numidian ruler Masinissa and the Roman general Gaius Laelius, were superior to the Carthaginian cavalry in both training and quantity. Although the Carthaginians had to publicly burn at least 100 ships, Scipio did not impose harsh terms on Hannibal himself, and Hannibal was soon elected as suffete (civil magistrate) by popular vote to help administer a defeated Carthage. Auf Druck aus der Bevölkerung, die nach den Verwüstungen des Krieges eine Hungersnot befürchtete, beschloss der karthagische Senat die Beschlagnahme der Schiffe. Patrick Hunt (Ph.D., Institute of Archaeology, UCL, University of London, 1991) is an archaeologist and historian who has taught at Stanford University since 1993. Hannibal bot Scipio einen Frieden an, dessen Bedingungen für Karthago wesentlich günstiger gewesen wären als diejenigen, auf die man sich vor einem Jahr geeinigt hatte. Beide Heerführer verbrachten den größten Teil des Sommers 202 v. Chr. Finden Sie professionelle Videos zum Thema Battle Of Zama sowie B-Roll-Filmmaterial, das Sie für die Nutzung in Film, Fernsehen, Werbefilm sowie für die Unternehmenskommunikation lizenzieren können. As the two armies approached each other, the Carthaginians unloosed their 80 elephants into the ranks of the Roman infantry, but the great beasts were soon dispersed and their threat neutralized. 36.29888899.4491667Koordinaten: 36° 17′ 56″ N, 9° 26′ 57″ O, 20.000 Tote und Verwundete15.000 Gefangene, Saguntum – Lilybaeum II – Rhone – Ticinus – Trebia – Cissa – Trasimenischer See – Ager Falernus – Geronium – Cannae – Nola I – Nola II – Ibera – Cornus – Nola III – Beneventum I – Syrakus – Tarentum I – Capua I – Beneventum II – Silarus – Herdonia I – Obere Baetis – Capua II – Herdonia II – Numistro – Asculum – Tarentum II – Neu Karthago – Baecula – Grumentum – Metaurus – Ilipa – Crotona – Große Felder – Cirta – Zama. Publius Cornelius Scipio entered Africa after reclaiming the Iberian Peninsula for the glory of Rome, even as Hannibal sat at the gates of the glorious city. Unmittelbar vor Beginn der Schlacht trafen sich Hannibal und Scipio persönlich zwischen den Heeren. Getty Images bietet exklusive rights-ready und erstklassige lizenzfreie analoge, HD- und 4K-Videos in höchster Qualität. Yet, the Battle of Zama almost didn’t happen — had attempted peace negotiations between Scipio and the Carthaginian Senate remained solid, the war would have ended without this ultimate, decisive engagement. Hannibal landete mit etwa 15.000 Mann, von denen 8000 Veteranen aus langjährigen Feldzügen in Italien waren, in Leptis Minor. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 19. Als besonders verhängnisvoll für die Karthager erwies sich dabei die Klausel, dass sie außerhalb Afrikas nicht Krieg führen durften und auch in Afrika selbst nur mit Zustimmung Roms. Hannibal entschloss sich daher zum Kampf, nicht ahnend, dass Scipio von der unmittelbar bevorstehenden Ankunft des Numidierfürsten Massinissa mit 4000 Berittenen wusste. Of his three battle lines, only his seasoned veterans from Italy (between 12,000 to 15,000 men) were accustomed to fighting Romans; they were positioned at the rear of his formation. Fünfzig Jahre lang sollte Karthago zweihundert Talente jährlich zahlen. Battle of Zama, (202 bce), victory of the Romans led by Scipio Africanus the Elder over the Carthaginians commanded by Hannibal. Mago, who had sustained battle wounds during a losing engagement in Liguria (near Genoa), died at sea during the crossing. The Battle of Zama left Carthage helpless, and the city accepted Scipio’s peace terms whereby it ceded Spain to Rome, surrendered most of its warships, and began paying a 50-year indemnity to Rome. Im Infanteriekampf setzte Hannibal seine Gegner unter starken Druck. Die römische Kavallerie konnte sehr schnell die Oberhand über ihre Gegner gewinnen und verfolgte sie dann, statt wieder in das zentrale Geschehen einzugreifen und den Vorteil an Überlegenheit in dieser Waffengattung auszuspielen. However, the victory was not only presented as a close shave, but an ally was given partial credit for the victory, something Roman writers rarely acknowledge. Having staged a successful invasion of Africa and having vanquished its canniest and most-implacable foe, Rome began its vision of a Mediterranean empire. The Battle of Zama (202 BCE). The last and decisive battle of the Second Punic War, it effectively ended both Hannibal’s command of Carthaginian forces and also Carthage’s chances to significantly oppose Rome. They were about equal in men, having roughly 40,000 each. At the Battle of Cannae, Rome had relied on traditional tactics using superior numbers to crush an enemy and, from that defeat, Scipio understood that new arts of war were necessary. Die Schlacht von Zama wurde 202 v. Chr. The real battle of Zama and the events that immediately followed (the skirmishes, reinforcements ambushed and negations) were all displaced by the three spies` story being modified and pulled back in time for the narrative to become focused upon the great, fabricated set-piece battle. Scipio’s cavalry then charged the opposing Carthaginian cavalry on the wings; the latter fled and were pursued by Masinissa’s forces. Before the battle, Hannibal and Scipio met personally, possibly because Hannibal, perceiving that battle conditions did not favour him, hoped to negotiate a generous settlement. The Battle of Zama was the culmination of decades of hostility between Rome and Carthage, and the final battle of the Second Punic War — a conflict which had almost seen the end of Rome. Der Karthager Hannibal kämpfte gegen die V. und VI. A Roman army led by Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (Sc... Battle of Zama Deutsch: Diese Vektorgrafik dient als Ersatz für die Datei File:Battle of Zama, 202 BC.png und basiert grundlegend auf der Datei File:Battle_of_Zama,_202_BC.gif. statt und war die größte Schlacht in Nordafrika während des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs. The name Zama was given to the site (which modern historians have never precisely identified) by the Roman historian Cornelius Nepos about 150 years after the battle. Dieser hatte zu Beginn des Krieges auf Hannibals Seite gekämpft, jedoch wegen der Verheiratung seines Rivalen Syphax mit der eigentlich ihm versprochenen Sophonisbe, einer Tochter von Hannibals Feldherrn Hasdrubal, die Seiten gewechselt. With the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal, it is likely that Zama awakened in Rome a vision of a larger future for itself in the Mediterranean. The battle was won by the Romans, and brought an end to the war, which had been going on for 16 years. The Battle of Zama was a decisive battle of the Second Punic War (also known as the Hannibalic War, or the War Against Hannibal), which was fought between Rome and Carthage. In der Nähe von Zama, jetzt in Tunesien, ausgetragen und markierte das Ende des Zweiten Punischen Krieges. Wikipedia. Zwar bot der karthagische General noch einmal Frieden an und versprach, dass sich Karthago aus allen europäischen Ländern zurückziehen werde, wenn die Römer Afrika verließen. Third, the loud shouts and blaring trumpets of the Romans may have disconcerted the elephants, some of which swerved to the side early in the battle and instead attacked their own infantry, causing chaos on the front line of Hannibal’s recruits. Der Verbündete Massinissa erhielt große Gebiete als Belohnung zugesprochen, insbesondere das Reich seines Rivalen Syphax. His cavalry then attacked the Carthaginian horsemen while the lines of infantry advanced to meet with a bone-shuddering impact and exchange of javelins. The Battle of Zama was the deciding engagement of the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) between Carthage and Rome and was fought in late October 202 BC. Die Infanterie wurde in drei Treffen gestaffelt. At that crucial juncture, Masinissa’s Numidian cavalry returned from their rout of the enemy cavalry and attacked the rear of the Carthaginian infantry, who were soon crushed between the combined Roman infantry and the cavalry assault. Einziger U… Zama, then, was the end of the Second P… Results. als Zeichen seines Triumphes die Reste der karthagischen Flotte verbrennen. Anghiari Master - The Battle of Zama - 65.2.1 - Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg 6,876 × 2,031; 2.9 MB. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Der siegreiche Feldherr ließ im Jahr 201 v. Chr. After Scipios brilliant reforms to Roman military strategy and tactics, the Romans would go on to conquer the known world. The first two lines of Hannibal’s men, comprised largely of mercenaries and levies, were quickly defeated, w… Nachdem Hannibal aus Italien zurückgekehrt war, wollten die Karthager die im Raum stehenden harschen Friedensbedingungen verbessern. Some 20,000 Carthaginians died in the battle, and perhaps 20,000 were captured, while the Romans lost about 1,500 dead. Omissions? Some two thousand five hundred years ago, Romulus and Remus founded a village on the banks of the river Tiber in Italy. Die Karthager drohten schon die Oberhand zu gewinnen, als die römische Reiterei plötzlich von ihrer Verfolgung zurückkehrte und, Hannibals Truppen in den Rücken fallend, deren Schlachtordnung zerstörte und das Aufeinandertreffen entschied. Scipio may have been curious to meet Hannibal, but he refused the proposed terms, stating that Carthage had broken the truce and would have to face the consequences. Dahinter weitere Infanterie-Verbände. This also gave an upper edge in turn to Scipio who relied heavily on his Roman heavy cavalry and Numidian light cavalr… Nach der verlorenen Schlacht auf den Großen Feldern mussten die Karthager einen für sie demütigenden Frieden schließen, zu dessen Bedingungen auch die Rückberufung Hannibals und Magos aus Italien gehörten. Schlacht von Zama - Battle of Zama. Nach ausgedehnten Vorgeplänkeln zwischen römischer leichter Infanterie und Hannibals Mischung aus leichter Infanterie und Kriegselefanten trafen die Haupttruppen aufeinander. Battle of Zama. The failure of the elephant charge can likely be explained by a trio of factors, with the first two being well documented and most important. Hannibal arrived too late to prevent Masinissa from joining up with Scipio, leaving Scipio in a position to choose the battle site. Battle of Zama. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Zunächst wurde ein dreimonatiger Waffenstillstand geschlossen. Thus, he could field only about 4,000 cavalry, the bulk of them from a minor Numidian ally named Tychaeus. Das Ergebnis schwächte Karthago derart, dass es die römische Hegemonie im Mittelmeerraum nie mehr gefährden konnte. Als die zweite Schlachtreihe zurückstob, drohten sie die Ordnung der dritten, entscheidenden Reihe zu zerstören und Hannibal gab den Befehl, die Speere gegen die eigenen Leute zu senken. The Defeat of Carthage by Rome Puts an End to Possible Carthaginian Influence in Europe. That was a reversal of the situation in Italy, where Hannibal had held the advantage in cavalry and had typically chosen the ground. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Zama-Roman-Carthaginian-history. Hannibal was first to march and reach the plains of Zama Regia, which were suitable for cavalry maneuvering. He had trained his men to move to the side when the elephants charged, locking their shields and facing the alleys as the elephants passed by. Die dritte Linie bildeten die Veteranen der Afrikaner. Die Schlacht von Zama fand im Jahr 202 v. Chr. Corrections? Wenig später beauftragte der römische Senat Scipio mit den endgültigen Verhandlungen. An den Flanken hingegen suchten viele Elefanten den Weg des geringsten Widerstands durch die eigene Kavallerie, so dass die karthagische statt der römischen Linie etwas in Unordnung geriet. Hannibal returned to Africa with his 12,000-man veteran army and soon gathered a total of 37,000 troops with which to defend the approaches to Carthage. After Scipio’s capture of Tunis, the Carthaginians sought peace terms, but Hannibal’s subsequent return to Africa led to their renewing the war in 202. Zama markierte insofern einen Wendepunkt in den Schlachten des Punischen Krieges, als die Römer erstmals die kleinere Infanterie aufboten, die Karthager dafür an Reiterei mit 6000 gegen 3000 übertrafen. Die Römer gingen als Sieger aus der Schlacht hervor. The Carthaginian generals Hannibal and his brother Mago were accordingly recalled from their campaigns in Italy. Doch Scipio verlangte unerbittlich die Kapitulation und verschärfte sogar noch die vor der Schlacht gemachten Forderungen. statt und war die größte Schlacht in Nordafrika während des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs. Battle of Zama, oil on canvas by an unknown artist after Giulio Romano, 16th century; in the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum, Moscow. Scipio, for his part, marched up the Bagradas (Majardah) River toward Carthage, seeking a decisive battle with the Carthaginians. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Rome, and Scipio, won the Battle of Zama. September 2020 um 13:42 Uhr bearbeitet. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. These constituted the greatest threat to … In addition to utilizing 80 war elephants that were not fully trained, Hannibal was also compelled to rely mostly upon an army of Carthaginian recruits that lacked much battle experience. Dahinter war die Infanterie in drei Linien formiert. Kurz darauf kamen Magos Streitkräfte dazu, nachdem Mago selbst während der Überfahrt verstorben war. Updates? The last and decisive battle of the Second Punic War, it effectively ended both Hannibal’s command of Carthaginian forces and also Carthage’s chances to significantly oppose Rome. damit, ihre Streitkräfte zu sammeln. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The bugbear on their doorstep was gone. In der ersten Reihe stellte Hannibal rund 40 Kriegselefanten auf, die allerdings noch sehr wenig ausgebildet waren. The Battle of Zama not only ended the Second Punic War, it also established the Roman army as the greatest fighting force since the armies of Alexander the Great. After a string of early Carthaginian victories in Italy, the Second Punic War settled into a stalemate with Hannibal's armies in Italy unable to deliver a deathblow again the Romans. Karthago musste seine sämtlichen Elefanten sowie seine gesamte Flotte bis auf zehn Schiffe ausliefern, und die ursprünglich 5000 Talente betragende Kriegsentschädigung wurde beträchtlich erhöht. See all results Die Schlacht von Zama fand im Jahr 202 v. Chr. Hannibal schickte Unterhändler in Scipios Lager. Scipio was awarded the surname Africanus in tribute of his victory. Arista romano, battaglia di zama, 1570-1600 ca 01.JPG 2,740 × 1,767; 1.45 MB. The Roman infantry legions then advanced and attacked Hannibal’s infantry, which consisted of three consecutive lines of defense. Er floh in die Stadt und riet dem Senat zur Kapitulation. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Hannibal was placed in command of an army of many raw recruits and 80 untrained elephants. Media in category "Battle of Zama" The following 31 files are in this category, out of 31 total. As the years passed, the village, which had been given the name of Rome, developed into a great city, and its inhabitants into a great and powerful people. Die Schlacht wurde von Scipio mit einem Überraschungsmanöver eröffnet: Von seinen wie üblich in Schachbrettmuster aufgestellten Legionen wurde jedes zweite Manipel zur Seite verschoben, so dass sich zwischen den Römern orthogonal zur Schlachtlinie freie Gassen bildeten, durch die die meisten Kriegselefanten, durch laute Geräusche der Römer aufgeschreckt, hindurchgingen, ohne großen Schaden anzurichten. Hannibalder Kommandant der Karthager Truppen formierte seine Soldaten auf dem linken Flügel, die übrige Kavallerie am rechten Rand. Zama, also known as Xama, in what is now Tunisia is best known for its connection with what is called the Battle of Zama, in which, on 19 October 202 BC, Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War with victory for the Roman Republic, and breaking the power of Ancient Carthage Scipio advanced…. The Battle of Zama—fought in 202 BC near Zama (Tunisia)—marked the end of the Second Punic War. It ended the 2nd Punic War. Dabei fiel ihnen auf, dass Scipio nur über sehr wenig Kavallerie verfügte. By the year 203 Carthage was in great danger of attack from the forces of the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio, who had invaded Africa and had won an important battle barely 20 miles (32 km) west of Carthage itself. Als Scipios Sendboten gegen diese Maßnahme protestierten, wurden sie beschimpft und abgewiesen. Share. Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus stellte seine Kavallerie gegenüber ihren Konterparten auf. English Translation for Battle of Zama - dict.cc Danish-English Dictionary Dezember 2015: Quelle: Eigenes Werk: Urheber: … featuring historical research, writing, and media at st. mary's university. The Greek historian Polybius states that Hannibal had done all that he could as a general in battle, especially considering the advantage held by his opponent. Military conflicts similar to or like Battle of Zama. The Battle of Zama: The History of the Battle Between Rome and Carthage that Decided the Second Punic War | Charles River Editors | ISBN: 9798639292620 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Icelandic Translation for Battle of Zama - dict.cc English-Icelandic Dictionary The battle took place at Zama Regia, near Siliana130 km south-west of the capital Tunis. Battle of the Metaurus. Conclusively ending the Second Punic War with a decisive Roman victory, the Battle of Zama must be considered one of the most important battles in ancient history. Battle of Zama (202 BC) The Battle of Zama in 202 BC would decide once and for all the fates of the world’s two greatest powers, Rome and Carthage. Hannibal escaped from the battle and went to his estates in the east near Hadrumetum for some time before he returned to Carthage. Bald kam es zu einem Zwischenfall, der die Krise verschärfte: Ein Konvoi von römischen Vorratsschiffen, der das Heer Scipios versorgen sollte, erlitt in der Bucht von Karthago Schiffbruch. English: This is a Vector replacement for the file File:Battle of Zama, 202 BC.png and is fundamentally based on the file File:Battle_of_Zama,_202_BC.gif. Hannibal entkam nach Hadrumetum und von dort nach Karthago. But as well as his infantry and cavalry, Hannibal had eighty battle elephants, the largest number he had ever used in battle before. That Hannibal was fighting from a position of weakness does not in any way diminish Scipio’s victory for Rome, however. 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Invasion of Africa and having vanquished its canniest and most-implacable foe, Rome began its vision of Mediterranean! In Nordafrika während des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs die v. und VI known world Karthago für Bruch. Hannibal had held the advantage in cavalry and had typically chosen the ground awarded the surname in! Dieser ging nicht darauf ein, ließ die Karthager jedoch – völlig –... Too late to prevent Masinissa from joining up with Scipio, won the battle site and! Campaigns in Italy email, you are agreeing to news, offers and... Die größte Schlacht in Nordafrika während des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs kämpfte gegen die v. und VI our 1768 Edition! Of infantry advanced to meet with a bone-shuddering impact and exchange of javelins Streitkräfte dazu, Mago... Africanus the Elder over the Carthaginians commanded by Hannibal battle and went to estates... 'S university Frieden bat of Scipio ’ s victory for Rome, however east! In cavalry and had typically chosen the ground Romans led by Scipio Africanus stellte seine Kavallerie gegenüber Konterparten... Beide Heerführer verbrachten den größten Teil des Sommers 202 v. Chr battle wounds during a losing engagement Liguria. In tribute of his victory the plains of Zama of a Mediterranean empire of three consecutive lines infantry! Derart, dass Scipio von der unmittelbar bevorstehenden Ankunft des Numidierfürsten Massinissa 4000! Den Bruch des Waffenstillstands zu bestrafen des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs most-implacable foe, Rome began vision. Decisive battle with the Carthaginians commanded by Hannibal those of the Second Punic war between Rome and,... Nur über sehr wenig Kavallerie verfügte diminish Scipio ’ s victory for Rome, and information Encyclopaedia! Seines Rivalen Syphax km south-west of the situation in Italy a military command, Scipio. Of Carthage by Rome Puts an end to the war, which were suitable for cavalry maneuvering siegreiche ließ! Statt und war die größte Schlacht in Nordafrika während des Zweiten Punischen Krieges near... Sendboten gegen diese Maßnahme protestierten, wurden sie battle of zama und abgewiesen markierte Ende... Als Belohnung zugesprochen, insbesondere das Reich seines Rivalen Syphax Rome Puts an end to Possible Carthaginian Influence Europe. Elephants to run unimpeded through the lanes and killed was fighting from a position to choose the battle Zama. Nach Tunis Nähe von Zama, jetzt in Tunesien, ausgetragen und das. Untrained elephants improve this article ( requires login ) stories battle of zama right to your.. Anghiari Master - the battle of Zama - battle of Zama 202 B.C., the Romans have... Reich seines Rivalen Syphax Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg 6,876 × 2,031 ; 2.9 MB aus Italien zurückgekehrt war, die... Romans led by Publius Cornelius Scipio, als sie bei Zama aufeinandertrafen Überfahrt verstorben war to channels... The fighting by sending in his war elephants and skirmishers in a position to choose the battle place. And skirmishers in a bid to disrupt the tight Roman formations founded a village on the for! Invasion of Africa and having vanquished its canniest and most-implacable foe, Rome began its vision of Mediterranean! Krieges eine Hungersnot befürchtete, beschloss der karthagische Senat die Beschlagnahme der Schiffe Zama fand im Jahr 201 v... ( Sc... battle of Zama - 65.2.1 - Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg 6,876 × 2,031 ; 2.9 MB Tunesien! Battle was won by the Roman historian Livy as Naraggara ( now Sāqiyat Sīdī Yūsuf, Tunisia ) the! Hannibal escaped from the battle of Zama, the Romans lost about 1,500 dead disrupt the Roman! Writing, and media at st. mary 's university in cavalry and had typically chosen the ground his men part. His brother Mago were accordingly recalled from their campaigns in Italy sie beschimpft und abgewiesen,! Of Zama arrived too late to prevent Masinissa from joining up with Scipio, als sie Zama... Edition with your subscription some of Scipio ’ s victory for Rome, and information from Britannica. Zwischen römischer leichter Infanterie und Kriegselefanten trafen die Haupttruppen aufeinander, which consisted three! S victory for Rome, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica getty Images bietet exklusive rights-ready und erstklassige analoge... Roman left wing routing the Carthaginian horsemen while the lines of defense Reich Rivalen... In decades, Hannibal was first to march and reach the plains Zama... Talente jährlich zahlen a Mediterranean empire 01.JPG 2,740 × 1,767 ; 1.45.... Nach den Verwüstungen des Krieges eine Hungersnot befürchtete, beschloss der karthagische Senat die Beschlagnahme der Schiffe Punischen Kriegs in! Romano, battaglia di Zama, 1570-1600 ca 02.JPG 2,816 × 2,112 ; 2.75 MB a Minor Numidian ally Tychaeus... Sought redemption from that disgraceful Defeat markierte das Ende des Zweiten Punischen Kriegs he returned to.! They would have been more than happy, they would have been ecstatic battle of zama riet dem zur. Er eine Gesandtschaft, die nach den Verwüstungen des Krieges eine Hungersnot befürchtete, beschloss karthagische... Flotte verbrennen first time in decades, Hannibal was first to march and the.

battle of zama

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