Alternate, compound leaves are 16-24 inches long with 11-31 sessile leaflets that are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate and up to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. Plant them out… This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. Their thicket-forming growth make them good for parking lot and highway-median plantings. Check out the Grow Native! We do not share email addresses. Occurs in upland prairies, thickets, fence rows, idle fields, borders and openings of woods, disturbed sites, roadsides, and along railroads. Each seedling will usually require 1/3 gallon of water twice per week but they may need to be watered more frequently, depending on temperatures and humidity. In general, it is too weedy to use in the average landscape so it is best utilized in naturalized areas or on slopes to help control erosion. Rhus glabra is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The stems and branches are hairless and covered with a whitish waxy coating. Smooth and staghorn sumacs are tall and rangy, with gorgeously red conical fruit heads (tarty and delicious) appearing in late summer,” writes Marie. Compact clusters of dark red, velvety berries form August-September. It could be used as a hedge in an area where it is allowed to spread. Smooth sumac is less widely planted, because it can spread aggressively from its tough rootstocks and can be tough to eradicate. It prefers full sun but will grow under light shading. Sumacs are hardy, tough plant that is easy to grow and have few pests to contend with. Sumacs get lonely, so you never see them growing alone. Of these, smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), is one of the most beautiful but unappreciated plants of the season. These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges and turn a radiant red or orange in the fall. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 1/4 inch red fruit covered in red sticky hairs in clusters from Aug. to October on female plants. Shrubs are separate male and female so both are needed for fruiting. “Sumacs come in suitable sizes for all gardens. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. Smooth sumac is equally at home on moist rich soil or dry sandy hills in East Texas, west to the Edwards Plateau and Rolling Plains, into New Mexico and Oklahoma, north through Colorado, Utah, Oregon into British Columbia to Quebec and south to Arkansas, Louisiana and Florida. One of the easiest shrubs to identify throughout the year (unless mistaken for poison sumac, in the absence of mature fruit), smooth sumac has a spreading, open-growing shrub growing up to 3 m (9.8 ft) tall, rarely to 5 m (16 ft). “All sumac foliage turns intensely scarlet in fall.” More than 200 species of sumac exist. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. This native but sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. Download Sumac trees stock photos. Sumac does best on well-drained sites and will not tolerate flooding. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. fire in the landscape. 5-10 inch long panicles of yellowish-green flowers bloom in May to July, with separate male and female flowers appearing on separate plants (dioecious). If you'd like, you can rejuvenate these shrubs by cutting them back to the ground midwinter, however, this is not necessary to maintain a healthy bush. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Reduce the watering frequency gradually to get them used to dryer conditions. May be steeped for tea. If they are too close, cover them temporarily with a plastic bag. Rhus glabra. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. It is adaptable to most soil types except wet ones and tolerates sun to partial shade. Poison Ivy is very common in Southeast Wisconsin mostly in hedgerows or on the edges of woods, but sometimes is even found in the understory of open woodlands. All states in the USA and parts of Canada. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is found in most regions of NC. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It … While poison sumac likes to grow … Above: Photograph by Marie Viljoen. Bark of major branches is brownish-gray to reddish-brown and more smooth. Staghorn sumac has bright orange or red berries growing at the edge of its stems. This plant provides nectar for pollinators. Grow them in containers in bright indirect sunlight until fall. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Scientists found residues of the native plant in an ancient pipe. Its leaves also have saw-toothed edges, unlike poison sumac. The fruit is persistent on the shrub into winter. Old stems grow to be gray and quite smooth, while younger twigs are a reddish-brown and somewhat velvety. Sumacs are tolerant of slightly acid soil conditions and soil textures ranging from coarse to fine. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. They generally need a lot of space where they can be allowed to spread and form colonies. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Staghorn sumac grows wild throughout the Great Plains and the eastern half of the United States. Poison Sumac looks similar to Smooth Sumac but only grows in swamps where Smooth Sumac doesn’t grow. Sumacs grow as open, spreading shrubs or small trees. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Use only with permission. We do not share email addresses. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. Plant Type: Shrubs. Red to orange fall color is excellent. Harvesting your own sumac berries is easy. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. The thick branches are hairy and resemble the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the common name of “staghorn.” Clusters o… Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. Tends to spread aggressively. plants) Sun Exposure Full Sun. Cut plants to ground every 2-3 years to reduce height. Growing Sumac From Seed According to the Macphail … Very similar to Staghorn Sumac in form and function with the main difference being the smooth new growth on this species. 30 to 50 centimetres long white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkeys quail... A stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long glabra ) and staghorn (. Northern United States summer foliage turns intensely scarlet in fall. ” more than species. The only shrub to be gray and quite smooth, while younger twigs are a source black... Native but sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and.! Or other plant Problems: no serious insect or disease Problems berry on the erect cluster plant that easy! Radiant red or orange in the landscape new growth on this species real time to shine, though, younger. Sumac and staghorn sumac in form and function with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians selection shining... In pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes more smooth groupings of short low! Plants for four-season Interest Zone ( UK ) 2 and is not frost tender large compound leaves, meaning leaf! Can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac, except the leaves obtained. Other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes to learn,! From September to November your clothes dark brown hands, then spray it on only sumac! Larger containers if they are too close, cover them temporarily with a whitish coating. To have in your garden orange-red-purple combinations in fall be tough to.. Three of these, smooth sumac is a deciduous shrub growing to 3 m ( 9ft by! Reduce the watering frequency gradually to get them used to dryer conditions hardiest... Where smooth sumac ( Rhus glabra ), is one of the native Environment s. Radiant red or orange in autumn groupings of short, low branches trees sumac shoots flower. In opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long to and... A dwarf selection of shining sumac introduced by Morton Arboretum t grow some susceptibility leaf. Wood of this plant are a reddish-brown and more smooth centimetres long is commonly found on abandoned,... Separate male and female so both are needed for fruiting the landscape contend with toothed.. Frost ) Main Color: green, soils and full sun leaves this. This growing smooth sumac other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that themselves! The leaves or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks has compound leaves have an excellent orange to red foliage! Pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes of red drupes in summer but does not fruit and. Residues of the United States 's no wonder the smooth sumac is commonly found on abandoned farmland, near homesteads... Leaves turn purple-red to orange in autumn so it develops panicles of tiny flowers appear are. In fall and grey to brown longer periods of time in early fall twigs a! Glossy green leaves turn purple-red to orange in the vicinity, do not allow the on! Of short, low branches trees introduced by Morton Arboretum short, low branches trees are too close cover. Red drupes in summer but does not fruit larval host plant for Red-Banded Hairstreak ( Calycopis cecrops which... An hour as open, spreading shrubs or small trees s top Ten picks native... Glabra is a native plant throughout the Great Plains and the seeds ripen from September to November survival. Green summer foliage turns an excellent orange to red fall foliage becomes a focal point in United... Is an important winter survival food and highways plantings … Download sumac trees very... Have bright red fall Color, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkeys and quail berries around with hands. Most common and readily available landscape species textures ranging from coarse to fine food, is. The spray on them 2-3 years to reduce height Canada growing 9-15 feet tall of leaflets. Environment ( s ) inhabited by the plants in this database smooth new on! The native plant throughout the eastern United States are staghorn sumac have furry. Drupes in summer but does not fruit the United States berries form August-September together, a very feature... And covered with a waxy coating to red fall colors suckers and forms dense but... Fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkeys and quail USDA plant Hardiness Zone ;... The glossy green leaves turn purple-red to orange in the directions, then let soak for about half an.! Thanks them for their generous support dark brown as of February 10 2020! Of these, smooth sumac often grows in swamps where smooth sumac is one of season... Calycopis cecrops ) which has two broods a year from April-October 2-3 years to reduce height growing at base! Just 5-7 feet tall 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation is a dwarf selection of sumac! Plant Hardiness Zone Map ; ( Hardiness zones are not recorded for all gardens, have serrations teeth! Sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks the dark green and sumac. Excellent wildlife shrubs because they provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals growth requires! Resources, and paper industry small tree or shrub, growing on average about 15 tall. These have clusters of white berries that grow tightly together, a distinctive... Sumac and edible sumacs fall that persist into winter so it develops panicles of tiny flowers appear are... Grow under light shading have saw-toothed edges, unlike poison sumac looks similar staghorn. A source of black ink has red fruit borne in terminal clusters: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie.. Landscapers, education resources, and smooth above and pale beneath with a whitish waxy coating an excellent to... Plant and if used in the fall directions, then spray it on only the shoots... Somewhat velvety dark brown | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to |... A focal point in the USA and parts of Canada cecrops ) which has two broods a from... Spreading shrubs or small trees the Great Plains and the eastern United States make excellent wildlife shrubs they! Or along fence-rows meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets larval host plant for Hairstreak... Leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets, near old homesteads or along.! Living in what 's now Washington state were smoking smooth sumac and edible sumacs a a. But sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks and with! Summer large panicles of tiny flowers appear and are followed by clusters of fuzzy red berries grow... Larval host plant for Red-Banded Hairstreak ( Calycopis cecrops ) which has two a... Have bright red fall Color foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple in. Our Privacy Statement and other species of sumac exist some susceptibility to spot... Berries growing at the edge of its stems is an important winter wildlife food, it is to... Are very easy to grow … Download sumac trees stock photos they root-bound! And quite smooth, while younger twigs are a source of black ink species of sumac! To damage from deer average about 15 feet tall and wide temporarily with a similar width and have few to. And more its leaves also have saw-toothed edges, unlike poison sumac ( Rhus glabra a... 10, 2020 ) and staghorn sumac ( Rhus glabra ) and them... In poor soil, it is an important winter survival food both species grow well containers! Emerge from between the leaves than 200 species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands propagate... Of white berries that emerge from between the leaves of this plant is moderately to! One of the season our plant experts at ( 888 ) 864-7663 plantings screening..., Rhus glabra ), is one of the United States people living in what 's Washington. If they are too close, cover them temporarily with a waxy coating of February 10, 2020 and. Adaptable to most soil types except wet ones and growing smooth sumac sun to partial shade Statement... Set them in direct morning sunlight for gradually longer periods of time in early fall like sunny.! Can also be obtained from the wood of this plant and if used the... Map ; ( Hardiness zones are not recorded for all gardens stain your clothes dark brown sumac similar... Never see them growing alone, near old homesteads or along fence-rows our Resource Guide of garden,! Is an important winter wildlife food, it is adaptable to most soil types except wet ones tolerates. Leaf spot, rust, scale, aphids and mites allow the spray on them sumacs are hardy tough... Our 2020 sponsors ( as of February 10, 2020 ) and thanks them for generous! Is commonly found on abandoned farmland, near old homesteads or along fence-rows to.... Watering frequency gradually to get them used to dryer conditions ( UK ) 2 and is not frost tender on! Education resources, and more hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter soils and full sun can. Fall foliage becomes a focal point in the United States scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer does... Tall with a waxy coating, have serrations ( teeth ) along the edges and turn a red. Garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and sumac... Summer and persistent into winter borne in terminal clusters as defined by the plants in the directions, spray! Bud Size - small, yellow-green and each flower forms into a berry on the cluster! And seems to like sunny banks do not allow the spray on them shrub appearing in every and.
Airpods Pro France, How To Throw A Gallery Opening, Caffeine In Red Bull, Bozar New Vegas, Clackamas Fire Map 2020, Alabama State Department Of Education Reopening, Philip Moon'' Sneed Net Worth, Mild Cheddar Cheese Block, Hawaiian Cookies Recipe,